How to reduce the chance of sickness in newborns？
How to reduce the chance of sickness in newborns?
The immune characteristics of newborns often show that the immune system is not mature enough and its functions are not perfect; it has not been exposed to various pathogens in the external environment of the uterus, and has not been exposed to a wide range of antigenic substances such as food proteins;The effect of maternal antibodies makes the newborn’s physiological immunity low.
Most of the newborn’s serum immunoglobulins (Ig) are maternal IgGs that pass through the placenta. Their own IgG synthesis capacity is low and their content is small. The growth and development of children after birth will gradually increase blood circulation.The concentration drops rapidly.
Neonatal leukocyte production and storage are relatively small. When they reduce infection and severe disease, they will increase the consumption of white blood cells, thereby reducing phagocytosis and bactericidal activity.
Therefore, strengthening the immunity of the newborn and reducing the chance of the baby’s illness is something that every parent needs to pay attention to. The immune status of the newborn is closely related to the nutritional status, the type of replacement, and the benign stimulus after birth.Solutions to boost your baby’s immunity.
Option 1: Reasonable nutrition The neonatal period is characterized by high nutritional requirements and limited digestive and metabolic functions. Therefore, not only a sufficient amount of nutrition is required to ensure growth and development, but it cannot be replaced in excess, so as not to cause excessive obesity in the newbornThe burden is to properly grasp the most decisive influence of proper nutrition on physical fitness and resistance.
Supplementing balanced nutrition every day can meet the needs of the body and improve immunity.
Protein is the main component of immune cells and antibodies. Once the protein lacks recombination, the immune function is reduced.
Vitamin C stimulates the body to make interferons. Supplementing enough vitamins can increase antibodies, remove viruses and bacteria, and thus enhance immunity.
Others such as folic acid in carotene and nutrients, vitamin B12, nicotinic acid, pantothenic acid, iron, zinc and enzymes are also related to immunity.
Option 2: Although the immunoglobulin from the mother provides some antibodies during the period of vaccination, it is still a highly susceptible person for many infectious diseases.
Vaccination is an effective method to combat germs. Early and effective vaccination can be used to prevent the occurrence of the largest infectious diseases of newborns, such as tuberculosis and hepatitis B.
The function of the cellular immune system in the neonatal period is relatively mature, and it has been able to respond to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Therefore, BCG infection is currently performed after birth, which can play a corresponding immune effect on Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection.
Hepatitis B vaccine in the neonatal period has been proven to have a good immune response effect. Hepatitis B vaccine is vaccinated immediately after birth, and then vaccinated twice in the next 1, 6 months. It is believed that the preventive effect is positive and it can protect the newborn from infection.
Solution 3: Breast milk replaces breast milk contains more immunoactive substances than milk substitutes. It can provide all the nutrients needed by the newborn: protein, trace amounts, lactose, vitamins, iron, especially breast milk contains anti-infective antibodies (immunityGlobulin) and anti-infective active white blood cells, bifidus factors, lysozyme, etc., they have enhanced immune function, prevent the growth of harmful bacteria, and reduce the chance of infection of the baby.
Premature babies who give birth early, due to replacement of antibodies obtained from the mother’s body, the autoimmune system is not yet mature, the skin and mucosal defense function is poor, and they are vulnerable to the invasion of pathogenic factors, and therefore, premature babies need breast milk replacement.
Scheme 4: Neonatal Massage Massage is to stimulate a series of benign reactions of the systemic nervous, endocrine and immune systems through the skin’s mild sensory stimulation of the newborn, which can promote the secretion of hormones, thereby increasing children’s food intake, promoting food digestion, absorption andExcrete and accelerate weight gain.
The massage also activates your baby’s whole body muscles to make your body more robust.
In addition, skin irritation has direct and indirect effects on enhancing immune function, which is beneficial to the physical and mental development of newborns.
In addition to strengthening the resistance of newborns and reducing the chance of infection of the baby, in addition to balanced and adequate nutrition, the promotion of breast milk replacement, vaccination and active and effective physical fitness, in addition to the baby’s caregiver to develop a good habit of washing hands and enhance indoor ventilationIt is also very important.